Biology
1. Functional importance and structure of small ribosomal protein RACK1

Karzan Jalal Salih

Volume 4, Issue 1 , June 2022, Pages 1-7

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/passer.2021.301031.1080

Abstract
  AbstractThe Receptor for Activated C Kinase 1 (RACK1) protein is one of the ribosomal proteins that is located in the small subunit which is maintained across most of the eukaryotes and functions as a flexible scaffold protein involved in multiple signaling pathways. It is considered as a highly conserved ...  Read More

Agriculture
2. Morphological and Molecular Identification of Ixodid Ticks that Infest Ruminants in Erbil province, Kurdistan Region-Iraq

Khalid Jabar Aziz

Volume 4, Issue 1 , June 2022, Pages 8-13

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.2021.301552.1084

Abstract
  A cross- sectional survey was conducted in Erbil province from April to July 2021 to estimate the prevalence of major Ixodid ticks on ruminants and to identify tick species using morphological and molecular tools. A total of 687 animals (202 cattle, 287 sheep and 198 goats) examined, and 254 (36.9 %) ...  Read More

3. Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices on COVID-19 in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq: An Online Cross-Sectional Survey

Nazdar Qudrat Abas; Muhammad Amen; Nazanin Abbas; Muhamad Yusif; Dilshad Jaff

Volume 4, Issue 1 , June 2022, Pages 14-24

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.2021.309110.1096

Abstract
  Background: First COVID-19 case was recorded on February 26th, 2020 in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI). Shortly after the number of cases increased significantly. Limited research has been conducted to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of the population in the region about the pandemic. ...  Read More

Environment
4. Integration of Field Data and Online Satellite Images to Map Urban Change Pattern from 2003 to 2013, Case Study: Darbandikhan city, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.

Iraj Mubammad Amin; Salim Neimat Azeez; Imran Hasan Ahmad Hasan Ahmad

Volume 4, Issue 1 , June 2022, Pages 25-30

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.2021.316473.1107

Abstract
  Remote Sensing accompanied with GIS is a powerful way of mapping land-use/cover change at different spatial and temporal resolutions. This study aims to map the urban land use change of the small city of Darbandikhan, in the west of Kurdistan Region-Iraq using Google Earth time series images, as well ...  Read More

Agriculture
5. INFLUENCES OF DIFFERENT CONCENTRATIONS OF HERBICIDES ON THE GROWTH AND YIELD OF MAIZE AS WELL AS THEIR EFFECTS ON THE ASSOCIATED WEEDS IN NORTH-WESTERN NIGERIA

Abdulrahman M Dogara; Saber W. Hamad; Bawale S Halliru; Nura Wada; Tahir Dalorima

Volume 4, Issue 1 , June 2022, Pages 31-36

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.2021.309284.1097

Abstract
  The field experiment was conducted in the dry season between December 2012 to April 2013 at Bakori, Bakori local government, Katsina (11033’N, 7036’E). The experiment consisted of 8 treatments levels which include 4 different formulations each; viz: ParaeForce(R) at 150ml / 20L and 200ml ...  Read More

Information technology
6. A Survey of Simulation Tools for Modelling Internet of Thing

Bilal Najmaddin Rashid; Karzan Hussein Sharif; Twana Hussein Shreef

Volume 4, Issue 1 , June 2022, Pages 37-44

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.2022.313553.1105

Abstract
  The Internet of Things (IoT) is a revolutionary technology that has shifted lifestyle from traditional to high-tech. Many critical research studies and investigations have been conducted to improve technology through IoT. IoT has a vast range of applications in many fields such as the military, healthcare, ...  Read More

Information technology
7. A Survey of Comparison Different Cloud Database Performance: SQL and NoSQL

Twana Hussein Shareef; Karzan Hussein Sharif; Bilal Najmaddin Rashid

Volume 4, Issue 1 , June 2022, Pages 45-57

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.2022.301247.1104

Abstract
  The scales in databases have recently increased, and more expansion is expected in the future. The storage costs gradually have slowed down and quickly expanded the storage capacity. Cloud intrusion has modified the comparisons in recent years. Database performance plays an essential part in the market. ...  Read More

8. Simulation of Single-Mode Waveguides of Gallium Nitride/ Aluminum Nitride (GaN/AlN) on Sapphire by using Finite Difference Mode (FDM) solver

yadgar hussein shwan

Volume 4, Issue 1 , June 2022, Pages 58-63

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.2022.301855.1085

Abstract
  This paper presents a model of the optical waveguide of GaN/ AlN on a sapphire based on the different refractive index (n) between the wave's guideline regions and surrounding medium (cladding). The model analysis is done by using finite-difference mode (FDM) solver simulation is performed by FDTD (finite-difference-time-domain). ...  Read More

Biology
9. Molecular Epidemiology and Maternal Humoral Immunity of Avian Infectious Bronchitis (AIB) in Sulaymaniyah Governorate/Kurdistan Region-Iraq

Hawraz Farhad Mohammed; Hiewa Othman Dyary; Nahla Muhammad Saeed; Omer Ismaeel Dana; Peshnyar Muhammad Atta Rashid

Volume 4, Issue 1 , June 2022, Pages 64-70

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.2022.313268.1103

Abstract
  Avian infectious bronchitis, caused by the avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), is endemic in Sulaymaniyah, the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, causing significant economic losses. Fertilized broiler eggs are imported from different countries and used by the poultry farms in the region. However, a systematic ...  Read More

Information technology
10. Machine Learning Approach to Sentiment Analysis in Data Mining

Dalshad Jaafar Hussein; Mstafa Nihad Rashad; Kosar Ibrahim Mirza; dana LATEEF hussein

Volume 4, Issue 1 , June 2022, Pages 71-77

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.2022.312664.1101

Abstract
  Widespread internet use and the web have brought about new ways of expressing individual sentiments. A sentiment is defined as an individual's view in which feelings, attitudes, and thoughts can be represented. When it comes to analysing and extracting Sentiment analysis and opinion mining are two of ...  Read More

11. Purification of cytosolic ribosome in Arabidopsis thaliana using different proteases

Karzan Jalal Salih

Volume 4, Issue 1 , June 2022, Pages 78-85

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.2022.311246.1098

Abstract
  The ribosome is a macromolecular system that has a significant role in synthesizing protein within all living cells. Ribosome in eucaryotic cell consists of two subunits; including small (40S) and large (60S) ribosomal subunits. Moreover, each subunit contains one or more molecules of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) ...  Read More