Exploring Polymorphism: Flexibility and Code Reusability in Object-Oriented Programming

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Computer Engineering at Tishk International University, Iraq

2 Computer Science and Engineering at University of Kurdistan Hewler, Iraq



A key concept in object-oriented programming (OOP) is polymorphism, which enables objects or references to take on different forms depending on the situation. To allow for the creation of numerous sorts of objects, variables, and methods, it integrates ideas like virtual functions, function overriding, and function overloading. By enabling several implementations of the same function within parent classes, polymorphism promotes scalability and improves code clarity. Understanding how polymorphism is used in programming and how class objects may access and use it is crucial. This paper covers the idea of polymorphism, examines its uses, benefits, and drawbacks, and offers examples to show how it is used in OOP. Polymorphism allows for quick development, reuse of code, and flexibility in object-oriented programming paradigms.


Volume 6, Special Issue
Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Recent Innovation in Engineering ICRIE 2023, University of Duhok, College of Engineering, 13th – 14th September 2023
January 2024
Pages 502-512