Passer Journal
Is an open access, biannual, and multidisciplinary scientific journal publishing the finest peer-reviewed articles.

Information technology
Investigation into Fiber Optic Seismic Sensor incorporating Fiber Bragg Grating Array

Riyam Alaa Johni; Kanar Roshen Tariq; Roshen Tariq Ahmadhamdi; David Iyan Forsyth

Volume 4, Issue 2 , December 2022, Pages 92-99

  This paper presents a theoretical investigation on a type of Fiber Optic Sensing system used for seismic monitoring which incorporates an array of Fiber Bragg Gratings (FBGs) in the sensing medium. An interferometry array contains a group of interferometry sub-arrays, every sub-array including a plurality ...  Read More

Design and Simulation of Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antennas (45 GHz and 60 GHz) for V-band Applications

Miran Hama Rahim Saeed

Volume 4, Issue 2 , December 2022, Pages 100-104

  In this article, two wideband microstrip rectangular patch antennas have been designed and simulated for V band communication systems at resonant frequencies 45 GHz and 60 GHz. Rogers RO4730G3 is used as substrate dielectric with dielectric constant 2.98. The dimensions of the antennas are 6.23mm*6.7mm*0.7mm ...  Read More

Modeling the effect of contaminated object, vaccination and treatment on the diseases epidemiology

Arkan Nawzad Mustafa; Hanaa Jamal Ahmad

Volume 4, Issue 2 , December 2022, Pages 105-112

  In this paper, the effect of contaminated object on an SIRS Model with vaccination and hospitalization compartments is modeled. Positivity and boundedness properties of the solutions of model are proved, basic reproduction number of the model is founded through criteria which make the eigen values of ...  Read More

Biosynthesis and Characterization of ZnO Nanoparticles by using Leaf Extractionof Allium Calocephalum Wendelbow Plant

Amad Nori Abdulqudos; Ahmed Fattah Fattah Abdulrahman

Volume 4, Issue 2 , December 2022, Pages 113-126

  Zinc Oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs) were biosynthesized by using a leaf extract of Allium Calocephalum Wendelbow (ACW) plant. The impact of various zinc salts on the characteristic properties of synthesized ZnO NPs and which salt is more suitable for the synthesis of ZnO NPs were investigated. The used ...  Read More


Ari Yatem

Volume 4, Issue 2 , December 2022, Pages 127-134

  Supernova remnants (SNRs) are remarkable astronomical objects which are a diffuse, expanding nebula of gas that is a direct result of a star's explosive death, resulting in a supernova explosion. SNRs play a vital role in the scattering of tough elements which are made in the supernova explosion into ...  Read More

Information technology
Classification of COVID-19 on Chest X-Ray Images Through the Fusion of HOG and LPQ Feature Sets

Rebin Abdulkareem Hamaamin; Shakhawan Hares Wady; Ali Wahab Kareem

Volume 4, Issue 2 , December 2022, Pages 135-143

  Covid-19 is a contagious disease that affects people's everyday life, personal health, as well as a nation's economy. COVID-19 infected individuals, according to a clinical study, are most usually contaminated with a severe condition after coming into a primary infection. The chest radiograph (also known ...  Read More

Farm-scale water productivity for tomato with mulched drip irrigation

Zanist Qader Hama-Aziz; Rebwar Ahmed Mustafa; Hemin Abubakir Neima

Volume 4, Issue 2 , December 2022, Pages 144-149

  Water productivity relates to the amount of yield per unit of water used. Water productivity is not reported for most crops in Iraq and the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI) where water scarcity recently forces farmers to shift from traditional farming methods including surface irrigation on bare soil to ...  Read More

Information technology
End-to-End Kurdish Speech Synthesis Based on Transfer Learning

sabat muhamad; Hadi Veisi

Volume 4, Issue 2 , December 2022, Pages 150-160

  A text-to-speech (TTS) system converts the texts into speech in a specific language. Several TTS systems generate natural-like speech signals in numerous languages, such as English. On the other hand, the Kurdish language has just been examined. Existing preliminary research on Kurdish speech synthesis ...  Read More

Relation of Demographic and Impact of Psych educational Program on Anxiety Level in Patient Diagnosed with Generalized Anxiety Disorder in Garmian Psychiatric Center/Kalar

faridoon ismael qadir; Jamal Kareem Shakor; Seerwan Assy Raheem; Ismael Yadulla Abdulla

Volume 4, Issue 2 , December 2022, Pages 161-165

  Abstract: Background and aim: anxiety disorders are among the most frequent psychiatric disorders that nearly one-third of the population is being affected by an anxiety disorder during their life. Psychoeducation has been used as the main anxiety management for patient diagnosed with anxiety disorder. ...  Read More

Effect of reduction through the Spin Coating growing Silver thin Films Nanostructure

Ari Yatem

Volume 4, Issue 2 , December 2022, Pages 166-169

  Silver thin-film nanoparticles are prepared on the glass surface through a dependable method called spin coating. Silver nitrate (AgNO3) was utilized as precursors, proceeded by the thermal reduction in the H2 atmosphere, and some of the chemical reductions such as sodium borohydride (NaBH4) solution, ...  Read More

Fractional order system dynamical behaviors with Beddington-DeAngelis functional response

Hiwa Hussein Rahman; Kawa Ahmad Hassan

Volume 4, Issue 2 , December 2022, Pages 170-179

  The present study proposes a fractional order prey-predator model with Beddington-DeAngelis functional response, that the Caputo fractional derivative is applied. There is exploration of the solutions' existence, uniqueness, non-negativity, and boundedness. Stability of all feasible equilibrium points ...  Read More

Information technology
A Temporal and Social Network-based Recommender using Graph Clustering

Nawroz Fadhil Ahmed; Karwan Mohammed Hamakarim; Zana Azeez Kakarash

Volume 4, Issue 2 , December 2022, Pages 180-187

  Recommendation Systems (RSs) have significant applications in many industrial systems. The duty of a recommender algorithm is to operate available data (users/items contextual data and rating (or purchase) the consumption history for items), as well as to provide a recommendation list for any target ...  Read More

COVID-19 Second Spike as an Aftermath of the Sudden Restrictions Ease: Kurdistan Region of Iraq as an Example

Kameran Mohammed Ali; Hassan Mohammad Tawfeeq; Hassan Muhammad Rostam

Volume 2, Issue 2 , September 2020, , Pages 57-61

  The global pandemic Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID‐19) is a contagious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, it has rapidly resulted in over 20 million confirmed cases and more than three quarter million deaths worldwide in less than 9 months. Due to the rocketed spread of the outbreak, early implementation ...  Read More

Biodiversity of aquatic insects in relation to physico-chemical parameters of Shekh Turab stream

Faris Zaidan Jarjees; Nihal S. Hanna; Janan J. Toma

Volume 1, Issue 2 , September 2019, , Pages 12-16

  Ecological integrity and their properties of any aquatic environment are important to monitor its stability and any change to the ecological system. The current work was undertaken to study the community of aquatic insects and physio-chemical variables of the Shekh Turab stream in periods extended for ...  Read More

Antimicrobial Activity of Combined Cinnamon Nanoemulsions-Antibiotics against Acinetobacter baumannii

Dana Khdr Sabir; Karzan R. Sidiq

Volume 1, Issue 2 , September 2019, , Pages 8-11

  Threats of Acinetobacter baumannii, a Gram-negative and multi-drug resistant bacterium,to the public health have recently received great attention worldwide. This is because the high incidence rate of the bacterial infections and the ability of the A. baumannii to resist a wide range of antibiotics. ...  Read More

A Comparison of Supermassive Black Hole Mass of NGC 4151 Using Different Methods

Ismaeel A. Al-Baidhany; Sami Salman Chiad; Mahmood M. Kareem; Wasmaa A. Jabbar; Tahseen H. Mubarak; Nadir Fadhil Habubi; Ehssan S. Hassan; Mohamed Odda Dawood; Oday Mazin Abdulmunem

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2020, , Pages 22-26

  We found a new value of supermassive black hole (SMBH) mass in the middle of type 1 Seyfert, NGC 4151 galaxy. In this Study, the image of NGC 4151 galaxy was deprojected to face-on, using spiral galaxy of face-on, and applied IRAF to calculate the ellipticity and position angle of major-axis.  A ...  Read More

Genetic Polymorphism of Toll-Like Receptor 4 Thr399Ile Variant in Iraqi Kurdish Population: Sulaymaniyah Province

Sherko S Niranji

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2020, , Pages 32-36

  Toll-like receptors (TLRs), encoded by innate immune genes, functions to detect microbial ligands. Studies found that polymorphisms in TLR genes among populations are associated with diseases. Among the classes of TLRs, TLR-4 is important for exploring bacterial lipopolysaccharide. TLR-4 Thre399Ile is ...  Read More

University of Garmian

Hayder I Mohammed

Frequency: Semiannual

Print ISSN: 27065944

Online ISSN: 27065952

Indexing and Abstracting





Open access


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