Passer Journal
Is an open access, biannual, and multidisciplinary scientific journal publishing the finest peer-reviewed articles.

Functional importance and structure of small ribosomal protein RACK1

Karzan Jalal Salih

Volume 4, Issue 1 , June 2022, Pages 1-7

  AbstractThe Receptor for Activated C Kinase 1 (RACK1) protein is one of the ribosomal proteins that is located in the small subunit which is maintained across most of the eukaryotes and functions as a flexible scaffold protein involved in multiple signaling pathways. It is considered as a highly conserved ...  Read More

Morphological and Molecular Identification of Ixodid Ticks that Infest Ruminants in Erbil province, Kurdistan Region-Iraq

Khalid Jabar Aziz

Volume 4, Issue 1 , June 2022, Pages 8-13

  A cross- sectional survey was conducted in Erbil province from April to July 2021 to estimate the prevalence of major Ixodid ticks on ruminants and to identify tick species using morphological and molecular tools. A total of 687 animals (202 cattle, 287 sheep and 198 goats) examined, and 254 (36.9 %) ...  Read More

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices on COVID-19 in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq: An Online Cross-Sectional Survey

Nazdar Qudrat Abas; Muhammad Amen; Nazanin Abbas; Muhamad Yusif; Dilshad Jaff

Volume 4, Issue 1 , June 2022, Pages 14-24

  Background: First COVID-19 case was recorded on February 26th, 2020 in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI). Shortly after the number of cases increased significantly. Limited research has been conducted to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of the population in the region about the pandemic. ...  Read More

Integration of Field Data and Online Satellite Images to Map Urban Change Pattern from 2003 to 2013, Case Study: Darbandikhan city, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.

Iraj Mubammad Amin; Salim Neimat Azeez; Imran Hasan Ahmad Hasan Ahmad

Volume 4, Issue 1 , June 2022, Pages 25-30

  Remote Sensing accompanied with GIS is a powerful way of mapping land-use/cover change at different spatial and temporal resolutions. This study aims to map the urban land use change of the small city of Darbandikhan, in the west of Kurdistan Region-Iraq using Google Earth time series images, as well ...  Read More


Abdulrahman M Dogara; Saber W. Hamad; Bawale S Halliru; Nura Wada; Tahir Dalorima

Volume 4, Issue 1 , June 2022, Pages 31-36

  The field experiment was conducted in the dry season between December 2012 to April 2013 at Bakori, Bakori local government, Katsina (11033’N, 7036’E). The experiment consisted of 8 treatments levels which include 4 different formulations each; viz: ParaeForce(R) at 150ml / 20L and 200ml ...  Read More

Information technology
A Survey of Simulation Tools for Modelling Internet of Thing

Bilal Najmaddin Rashid; Karzan Hussein Sharif; Twana Hussein Shreef

Volume 4, Issue 1 , June 2022, Pages 37-44

  The Internet of Things (IoT) is a revolutionary technology that has shifted lifestyle from traditional to high-tech. Many critical research studies and investigations have been conducted to improve technology through IoT. IoT has a vast range of applications in many fields such as the military, healthcare, ...  Read More

Information technology
A Survey of Comparison Different Cloud Database Performance: SQL and NoSQL

Twana Hussein Shareef; Karzan Hussein Sharif; Bilal Najmaddin Rashid

Volume 4, Issue 1 , June 2022, Pages 45-57

  The scales in databases have recently increased, and more expansion is expected in the future. The storage costs gradually have slowed down and quickly expanded the storage capacity. Cloud intrusion has modified the comparisons in recent years. Database performance plays an essential part in the market. ...  Read More

Simulation of Single-Mode Waveguides of Gallium Nitride/ Aluminum Nitride (GaN/AlN) on Sapphire by using Finite Difference Mode (FDM) solver

yadgar hussein shwan

Volume 4, Issue 1 , June 2022, Pages 58-63

  This paper presents a model of the optical waveguide of GaN/ AlN on a sapphire based on the different refractive index (n) between the wave's guideline regions and surrounding medium (cladding). The model analysis is done by using finite-difference mode (FDM) solver simulation is performed by FDTD (finite-difference-time-domain). ...  Read More

Molecular Epidemiology and Maternal Humoral Immunity of Avian Infectious Bronchitis (AIB) in Sulaymaniyah Governorate/Kurdistan Region-Iraq

Hawraz Farhad Mohammed; Hiewa Othman Dyary; Nahla Muhammad Saeed; Omer Ismaeel Dana; Peshnyar Muhammad Atta Rashid

Volume 4, Issue 1 , June 2022, Pages 64-70

  Avian infectious bronchitis, caused by the avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), is endemic in Sulaymaniyah, the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, causing significant economic losses. Fertilized broiler eggs are imported from different countries and used by the poultry farms in the region. However, a systematic ...  Read More

Information technology
Machine Learning Approach to Sentiment Analysis in Data Mining

Dalshad Jaafar Hussein; Mstafa Nihad Rashad; Kosar Ibrahim Mirza; dana LATEEF hussein

Volume 4, Issue 1 , June 2022, Pages 71-77

  Widespread internet use and the web have brought about new ways of expressing individual sentiments. A sentiment is defined as an individual's view in which feelings, attitudes, and thoughts can be represented. When it comes to analysing and extracting Sentiment analysis and opinion mining are two of ...  Read More

Purification of cytosolic ribosome in Arabidopsis thaliana using different proteases

Karzan Jalal Salih

Volume 4, Issue 1 , June 2022, Pages 78-85

  The ribosome is a macromolecular system that has a significant role in synthesizing protein within all living cells. Ribosome in eucaryotic cell consists of two subunits; including small (40S) and large (60S) ribosomal subunits. Moreover, each subunit contains one or more molecules of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) ...  Read More

Incidence of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia at Intensive Care Unit of Shar Hospital in Sulaymaniyah/ Kurdistan Region

Dana Khdr Sabir; Fro Rzgar Khdr; Pyman M. Mohamedsalih; Chrpa Hogr Fuad; Safeen Othman Mahmood

Volume 4, Issue 1 , June 2022, Pages 86-91

  Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a hospital acquired pneumonia that develops 48 hours after patient received mechanical ventilation using an endotracheal tube or tracheostomy. It is known as the second most common nosocomial infection in the intensive care unit (ICU) which occurs when the lower ...  Read More

COVID-19 Second Spike as an Aftermath of the Sudden Restrictions Ease: Kurdistan Region of Iraq as an Example

Kameran Mohammed Ali; Hassan Mohammad Tawfeeq; Hassan Muhammad Rostam

Volume 2, Issue 2 , September 2020, , Pages 57-61

  The global pandemic Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID‐19) is a contagious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, it has rapidly resulted in over 20 million confirmed cases and more than three quarter million deaths worldwide in less than 9 months. Due to the rocketed spread of the outbreak, early implementation ...  Read More

Biodiversity of aquatic insects in relation to physico-chemical parameters of Shekh Turab stream

Faris Zaidan Jarjees; Nihal S. Hanna; Janan J. Toma

Volume 1, Issue 2 , September 2019, , Pages 12-16

  Ecological integrity and their properties of any aquatic environment are important to monitor its stability and any change to the ecological system. The current work was undertaken to study the community of aquatic insects and physio-chemical variables of the Shekh Turab stream in periods extended for ...  Read More

Antimicrobial Activity of Combined Cinnamon Nanoemulsions-Antibiotics against Acinetobacter baumannii

Dana Khdr Sabir; Karzan R. Sidiq

Volume 1, Issue 2 , September 2019, , Pages 8-11

  Threats of Acinetobacter baumannii, a Gram-negative and multi-drug resistant bacterium,to the public health have recently received great attention worldwide. This is because the high incidence rate of the bacterial infections and the ability of the A. baumannii to resist a wide range of antibiotics. ...  Read More

A Comparison of Supermassive Black Hole Mass of NGC 4151 Using Different Methods

Ismaeel A. Al-Baidhany; Sami Salman Chiad; Mahmood M. Kareem; Wasmaa A. Jabbar; Tahseen H. Mubarak; Nadir Fadhil Habubi; Ehssan S. Hassan; Mohamed Odda Dawood; Oday Mazin Abdulmunem

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2020, , Pages 22-26

  We found a new value of supermassive black hole (SMBH) mass in the middle of type 1 Seyfert, NGC 4151 galaxy. In this Study, the image of NGC 4151 galaxy was deprojected to face-on, using spiral galaxy of face-on, and applied IRAF to calculate the ellipticity and position angle of major-axis.  A ...  Read More

Genetic Polymorphism of Toll-Like Receptor 4 Thr399Ile Variant in Iraqi Kurdish Population: Sulaymaniyah Province

Sherko S Niranji

Volume 2, Issue 1 , March 2020, , Pages 32-36

  Toll-like receptors (TLRs), encoded by innate immune genes, functions to detect microbial ligands. Studies found that polymorphisms in TLR genes among populations are associated with diseases. Among the classes of TLRs, TLR-4 is important for exploring bacterial lipopolysaccharide. TLR-4 Thre399Ile is ...  Read More

University of Garmian

Hayder I Mohammed

Frequency: Semiannual

Print ISSN: 27065944

Online ISSN: 27065952

Indexing and Abstracting





Open access


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