1. Phytochemical Study of the Geranium L. in Kurdistan Region-Iraq

Sirwan Hassan Salih

Volume 1, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, , Pages 1-3

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.01

Abstract
  Phenolic compounds of Geranium L. species were studied taxonomically by using the High Isolation and Characterization of Phenolic Compounds by Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) and Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC). Depending on the quantity and quality of the phenolic compounds the species were ...  Read More

2. Antimicrobial Activity of Combined Cinnamon Nanoemulsions-Antibiotics against Acinetobacter baumannii

Dana Khdr Sabir; Karzan R. Sidiq

Volume 1, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 8-11

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.03

Abstract
  Threats of Acinetobacter baumannii, a Gram-negative and multi-drug resistant bacterium,to the public health have recently received great attention worldwide. This is because the high incidence rate of the bacterial infections and the ability of the A. baumannii to resist a wide range of antibiotics. ...  Read More

3. Biodiversity of aquatic insects in relation to physico-chemical parameters of Shekh Turab stream

Faris Zaidan Jarjees; Nihal S. Hanna; Janan J. Toma

Volume 1, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 12-16

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.04

Abstract
  Ecological integrity and their properties of any aquatic environment are important to monitor its stability and any change to the ecological system. The current work was undertaken to study the community of aquatic insects and physio-chemical variables of the Shekh Turab stream in periods extended for ...  Read More

4. The Role of Flow Rate and Fluid Alkalanity on Fine Particles Movement and Influencing the Petrophysical Properties of Reservoir Sandstone

Khabat M. Ahmad

Volume 1, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 17-21

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.05

Abstract
  Permeability decline related with fine migration is one of the most widespread phenomenon that occurs in most oil reservoirs. Fine migration is intensive in sandstone reservoir, but frequently misinterpreted. Movement of fine particles might be problamatic to identify and even not easy to predict and ...  Read More

5. A Comparison of Supermassive Black Hole Mass of NGC 4151 Using Different Methods

Ismaeel A. Al-Baidhany; Sami Salman Chiad; Mahmood M. Kareem; Wasmaa A. Jabbar; Tahseen H. Mubarak; Nadir Fadhil Habubi; Ehssan S. Hassan; Mohamed Odda Dawood; Oday Mazin Abdulmunem

Volume 2, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 22-26

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.06

Abstract
  We found a new value of supermassive black hole (SMBH) mass in the middle of type 1 Seyfert, NGC 4151 galaxy. In this Study, the image of NGC 4151 galaxy was deprojected to face-on, using spiral galaxy of face-on, and applied IRAF to calculate the ellipticity and position angle of major-axis.  A ...  Read More

6. Antimicrobial Activity of Silver Nanoparticles with Antibiotics Against Clinically Isolated Acinetobacter baumannii

Pyman M. Mohamedsalih; Dana Khdr Sabir

Volume 2, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, , Pages 51-56

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.11

Abstract
  Antibiotic-resistant bacteria are among the major healthcare problem worldwide and Acinetobacter baumannii is a leading threat among them. In this study, the combined effects of different antibiotics with silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were assessed against the growth of a clinical isolate of A. ...  Read More

7. Air Temperature Prediction Using Different Datamining Approaches In Sulaymaniyah City In Iraq

Yusra Mohammed Mohammed Salih,; Sherko Murad; Brzu Tahir

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, , Pages 114-123

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.21

Abstract
  Climate change has a historical impact at universal and local levels over the past era. Climate change is one of the greatest challenge issues in the globe for meteorological research. Air temperature estimation, in particular, has been measured as a significant feature in weather impression studies ...  Read More

8. Effects of Low Seminal Plasma Antioxidant Potential on Semen Quality and Male Fertility

Ayad Faeq Palani; Nora Sabah Asdallh

Volume 1, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, , Pages 4-7

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.02

Abstract
  It is very important to identify the factors which affect normal sperm functions. New Bio-chemical parameters in seminal plasma were analyzed to determine the biochemical factors that affect normal sperm function. The research groups consists of infertile groups Asthenozoospermia (n=31) and Normozoospermia ...  Read More

9. Assessment of the Students’ Mental Health in the University of Garmian Using the Kurdish General Health Questionnaire

Pegah A.M. Seidi

Volume 2, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 27-31

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.07

Abstract
  It is predicted that Kurdish people, especially in Garmian District, face more mental health issues due to war, displacement and numerous political conflicts. On the other hand, different studies showed that mental health of university students decreases during their educational years. So, this study ...  Read More

10. COVID-19 Second Spike as an Aftermath of the Sudden Restrictions Ease: Kurdistan Region of Iraq as an Example

Kameran Mohammed Ali; Hassan Mohammad Tawfeeq; Hassan Muhammad Rostam

Volume 2, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, , Pages 57-61

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.12

Abstract
  The global pandemic Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID‐19) is a contagious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, it has rapidly resulted in over 20 million confirmed cases and more than three quarter million deaths worldwide in less than 9 months. Due to the rocketed spread of the outbreak, early implementation ...  Read More

11. Detection of copper ions using modified gold nanoparticles by two-functional groups

Bnar Ghazi Star; Nahid Haghnazari; Changiz Karami

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, , Pages 114-120

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.23

Abstract
  In this study, gold nanoparticles were fabricated using two different functional groups such as crown ether and carboxylic acid and evaluated as a sensor to detect copper ions in an aqueous solution. The Au-crown/carboxylic is characterized with TEM, FTIR spectroscopy. To compare the response of the ...  Read More

12. Genetic Polymorphism of Toll-Like Receptor 4 Thr399Ile Variant in Iraqi Kurdish Population: Sulaymaniyah Province

Sherko S Niranji

Volume 2, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 32-36

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.08

Abstract
  Toll-like receptors (TLRs), encoded by innate immune genes, functions to detect microbial ligands. Studies found that polymorphisms in TLR genes among populations are associated with diseases. Among the classes of TLRs, TLR-4 is important for exploring bacterial lipopolysaccharide. TLR-4 Thre399Ile is ...  Read More

13. Beta–Binomial and Overdispersion with Exchange of the Sample Size over the Probability Interval [0, 1] with Applications

Hanaw Ahmed Amin; Rando Rasul Qadir

Volume 2, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, , Pages 63-68

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.13

Abstract
  The beta-binomial model that is generated by a simple mixture model has been commonly applied in the health, physical, and social sciences. In clinical and public health, overdispersion occurs due to biological variation between the subjects of interest. Both the binomial and beta-binomial models are ...  Read More

14. New Topology Control base on Ant Colony Algorithm in Optimization of Wireless Sensor Network

Zana Azeez Kakarash; Sarkhel H.Taher Karim; Nawroz Fadhil Ahmed; Govar Abubakr Omar

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, , Pages 123-129

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.22

Abstract
  Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have found great appeal and popularity among researchers, especially in the field of monitoring and surveillance tasks. However, it has become a challenging issue due to the need to balance different optimization criteria such as power consumption, packet loss rate, and ...  Read More

15. Effect of Hydroalcoholic Extract of Teucrium polium on the Process of Wound Healing in Diabetic Rats

Mohsin Ahmed Salih; Asmaa Najm Abdullah; Sadat A. Aziz

Volume 2, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 37-45

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.09

Abstract
  Wound healing is physiological process, passing through three main overlapping phases, including inflammatory, proliferative, and remodeling phase to repair the damaged tissue. Some vital process in wound healing, including inflammatory cell infiltration, angiogenesis and collagen tissue formation, seems ...  Read More

16. The Influence of Various Reactants in the Growth Solution on the Morphological and Structural Properties of ZnO Nanorods

Ahmed Fattah Abdulrahman

Volume 2, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, , Pages 69-75

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.14

Abstract
  In the current work, the effect of three different Zinc (Zn) salts as reactants precursors in the growth solution on the characteristic properties of the Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods (NRs) was investigated and reported. High quality hexagonal ZnO NRs have been grown on the glass-slide substrates via the ...  Read More

17. Ranking of Fuzzy Numbers by using Scaling Method

Ayad Mohammed Ramadan

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, , Pages 137-143

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.24

Abstract
  In this paper, we presented for the first time a multidimensional scaling approach to find the scaling as well as the ranking of triangular fuzzy numbers. Each fuzzy number was represented by a row in a matrix, and then found the configuration points (scale points) which represent the fuzzy numbers in ...  Read More

18. Effect of Smoking and Some Obesity Indexes on Serum Lipid Profile in Young Male Smokers

Diyar Akbar Hasan Al-Jaf; Komar Akbar Hasan Al-Jaf

Volume 2, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 46-50

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.10

Abstract
  Smoking is one of the modifiable cardiovascular risk factors which can alter normal levels of blood lipid parameters, in addition to body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC). This study evaluates the effect of smoking on serum lipid profile and its correlation with some obesity indexes including ...  Read More

19. Comparison Effects of Soil and Foliar NPK Fertilizers Applications with Various Times on Growth of Rosa Plant (Rosa hybrida L.)

mariwan abdulkarim ali

Volume 2, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, , Pages 76-80

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.15

Abstract
  This experiment was conducted in greenhouse during the 2018-2019 growing season at Horticulture and landscape design department, Technical Institute of Bakrajo, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region/ Iraq. The Rosa plants (Rosa hybrida L.) were used as a test plant .The main ...  Read More

20. Mental health outcomes of COVID-19 quarantine in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq: A Case-Control Study

Pegah A.M Seidi; Aram Kamali; Maryam Didehdar; Ismail Ahmed Ali; Dilshad Jaff

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, , Pages 144-149

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.25

Abstract
  This study was designed to evaluate the association of COVID-19 quarantine with the mental health outcomes in the Kurdistan region of Iraq according to key measures of this study. We conducted a matched case–control study within the cohort of all quarantined persons from February 22 through March ...  Read More

21. Supervised Sentiment Analysis Model of Textual Content for Images

Wrya Anwar Hayder

Volume 2, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, , Pages 81-86

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.16

Abstract
  Sentiment analysis is a domain in machine learning that tries to analyze people’s emotion, feeling, opinion and attitudes towards particular service or product. It aims to extract feelings and opinion from textual reviews; therefore, it is closely related to natural language processing (NLP). Social ...  Read More

22. Conventional and Molecular Diagnosis of Theileriosis (Theileria annulata) in Cattle in Sulaimani Province, Northern Iraq.

Rebwar Ahmed Ahmed; Shakhawan Latif Mahmmod; Nawroz Akram Kakarash; Muhamad Omer Baba SHekh

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, , Pages 150-155

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.26

Abstract
  Theileria annulata has been identified as a major cause of bovine theileriosis in Iraq. The research was designed to reveal the prevalence of Theileriosis (Theileria annulata) in cattle in Sulaimani province, Kurdistan Region- Iraq from the 10th of March 2021 to the 10th of April 2021. ...  Read More

23. Prevalence of COVID-19 and Possible Antigenic Drifts in SARS-CoV-2 Spike Protein in Kurdistan Region-Iraq

Karzan Sidiq

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.27

Abstract
  The COVID-19 is an on-going viral pandemic that has been affecting the public health, routine life and global economy. The disease is caused by a novel strain of coronavirus, called SARS-CoV-2 virus. The COVID-19 outbreak has been reporting in Kurdistan region of Iraq since March 2020. However, few studies ...  Read More

24. Theoretical Study for Chemical Reactivity Descriptors of Tetrathiafulvalene in gas phase and solvent phases based on Density Functional Theory

Hanaa Shahab; yousif husain

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, , Pages 167-173

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/psr.28

Abstract
  The aim of the study is to investigate the effects of solvent polarity on the frontier molecular orbitals energy gap and global chemical reactivity of Tetrathiafulvalene in order to understand the stability and reactivity of Tetrathiafulvalene in a different solvent medium. Density functional theory ...  Read More

Biology
25. Functional importance and structure of small ribosomal protein RACK1

Karzan Jalal Salih

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2022, , Pages 1-7

http://dx.doi.org/10.24271/passer.2021.301031.1080

Abstract
  AbstractThe Receptor for Activated C Kinase 1 (RACK1) protein is one of the ribosomal proteins that is located in the small subunit which is maintained across most of the eukaryotes and functions as a flexible scaffold protein involved in multiple signaling pathways. It is considered as a highly conserved ...  Read More